Few of us are aware that rats can be made as pets, and they are rather cute since they can be friendly when tame plus they are intelligent creatures. Compared to gerbils and hamsters, they are less likely to bite, and so if your child is searching for a new pet, your good choice could be a domestic rat. Wild rats though are never good once they infest your home aside from not being cute. Therefore, you should be concern once they start to infest your garage, attic or basement.
There are two main types of rats and these are the black and brown rats, although they come in different sub-species. Some rats came from Asia, and they are quite small, but their relatives in some towns and cities are much larger.
While humans migrated around the world, rats also followed and their population go along with the soldiers and traders who were busy trading in Asia and Europe. Imagine them hitching rides on ships sailing between continents and after some time, rats are seen everywhere.
Rats are like pests which are nature’s scavengers, meaning, the more food is available, the more rats will be around. Rats prefer a diet of various meat and vegetables, but they are not choosy with their food, thus they will be satisfied raiding your trash or your vegetable patch. Be warned that rats will also attack smaller animals if they cannot find food in their areas.
Rats are written and spoken about for several centuries and the main topic of concern is that they spread disease. A disease in the past called the black death or the bubonic plague, was transmitted by rats which were infested with fleas, and because of this 25 million people perished in the Middle Ages.
An outbreak of this disease can be avoided in our modern days because we have more understanding of the process of the disease. Rats today can do spread disease still, and thus we have to act immediately to avoid infestation.
The most common rat-borne disease today is called leptospirosis, and you should be concern of this disease if rats can be seen living and breeding in your homes.
Salmonella is another disease that you can obtain if you consume water or food that are contaminated by rats. Another fatal disease due to exposure to rat droppings or rat urine, is called hantavirus, and this is a fatal one. Another disease is called e-coli which is a very common infestation among the rat population and contaminated water and food could be a source of infection among humans.